Erase traces of age. Are botulinum toxin injections dangerous?

How long does it take to see the effect of a Botox injection? Are there any negative consequences? Is it possible to entrust this procedure to an ordinary cosmetologist?

It is not easy to erase all traces of age from the face. But removing wrinkles from the forehead or around the eyes is easy. Injections of the botulinum toxin preparation (or Botox in a simple way) are the most popular procedure in aesthetic medicine because the effect of it manifests itself quickly (after a few days, the wrinkle will either disappear or decrease). However, Botox is not yet capable of this. However, complications are extremely rare and completely reversible. The procedure is affordable (on average, about 7 thousand rubles per year). Why so many complaints about the drug? We asked a cosmetologist, dermatologist, surgeon, and trainer-expert in injection techniques, Alexey P. about this.

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In general, “botox” is the trade name for one of the preparations of botulinum neuroprotein type A. Seven similar brands are registered in Russia: Botox, Dysport, Xeomin, Lantox, Relax, Botulax, and Myotox “. Some of them are domestic. But, in order not to run into a fake for a beauty injection, you should only contact a certified cosmetologist.

In America, the botulinum therapy procedure can be performed by a doctor and a nurse (in the second case, the service will cost almost half as much). Only a specialist with a higher medical education who has undergone special training in working with botulinum neuroprotein preparations is entitled to make an injection in Russia. And do not hesitate to ask for all the necessary documents in the clinic and the beauty salon.

Is there a risk?

Many people confuse Botox with fillers. But this is not a filler, so it is impossible to “chop” it, thus causing an extra volume of tissue. Botox is a muscle relaxant. It does not paralyze the muscles but removes excess tension and relieves stiffness, which leads to creases and wrinkles.

Fortunately, there are no cases of serious complications in the form of anaphylactic shock from Botox. However, the drug has been used for more than 30 years. And the fact that injections reduce intelligence, depression appears, or even oncology develops nothing more than a myth since these data have not been scientifically confirmed. There is no blindness from the drug, unlike fillers, which, if illiterately administered, can be dangerous to vision.

Even if Botox was incorrectly stored or transported, it will either “work” weakly or not. However, side effects are possible, although reversible.

Wanted the best…

Side effects may include bruising at the injection site and swelling around the eyes. Less than 1% experience an allergic reaction, drooping (ptosis) of the upper eyelid or eyebrows, asymmetry of the mouth, smiling, etc. Most of these complications occur if a technique unsuitable for a particular patient is used or the dosage is exceeded. It is important to consider even the height of the forehead since a narrow forehead is a relative contraindication for Botox. Eyebrows can also hang if the doctor has not noticed hypertonicity (tension) of the frontal muscle in the patient in combination with excess skin over the upper eyelid.

The patient himself may be to blame for the occurrence of complications. So, suppose you go to the bathhouse after the procedure or abuse alcohol. In that case, swelling will appear, and relaxing on the beach will provoke pigmentation.

It’s better to under-stab

The average doses for the area around the eyes are 12-16 units, for the forehead – 6-12, and for the eyebrows – about 20. In men, they may be higher. When the dosage of Botox is exceeded, the “mask” effect occurs, and today the “live face” trend is in trend. True, sometimes even the average drug dose acts excessively in a particular patient. To avoid complications, it is better to use the minimum dosage and correct wrinkles pointwise at the first Botox injection. Experience will tell you what to avoid. For example, it is impossible to prick the forehead separately without the interbrow because the muscle balance can be redistributed to make it look formidable.

Is it a time, or is it too late?

It is better to start botulinum therapy when wrinkles are just being formed. If you are a little late, you will need several treatments or replace wrinkles with a filler. However, people with severe gravitational ptosis of facial tissues and noticeable hernias in the area of ​​​​the upper and lower eyelids should not be injected with Botox. The injection lasts 2-9 months (often 3-4). The repeated procedure is done not earlier than three months.

Contraindications to botulinum therapy

• Diseases associated with impaired neuromuscular transmission.

• Pregnancy, lactation period.

• Hemophilia.

• Hypersensitivity to the drug.

• Exacerbation of somatic diseases.

• Inflammation in the injection area.

• Tendency to form keloid and hypertrophic scars.

• The use of drugs that enhance or weaken the action of the toxin (antibiotics of the aminoglycoside group, macrolides, tetracyclines, polymyxins) and drugs that increase the intracellular concentration of calcium, benzodiazepines, anticoagulants, and antiaggregants.

• Alcohol abuse.

• three months after facial surgery.

Suppose you ask any person on the street what Botox is used for. In that case, he will answer without hesitation that it is to eliminate wrinkles. And if you ask the same question to a doctor, he will name at least 50 diseases. Botox is used by neurologists, urologists, gastroenterologists, meteorologists, orthodontists, and other doctors for various purposes. With its help, tics, hyperkinesias, an overactive bladder, migraine, and chronic joint pain are treated. Botox is widely used in cerebral palsy and post-stroke to relieve muscle spasticity. With its help, they relieve excessive sweating of various body parts and many other pathologies.

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